Richards, Ken .
Challenges of applying molecular techniques to PGR management – a Canadian perspective.
Genetic resources are playing an increasingly important role in Canadian agriculture for the betterment of Canadian and world societies. Recently Agriculture and Agri-Food consulted with national stakeholders about research priorities and determined one to be: “Understanding and conserving Canadian bioresources”. In response to this national priority the Canadian Genetic Resources Program developed long-term objectives: to protect and conserve the genetic diversity of Canadian bioresources, contribute to the security, protection and safety of the food system, enhance the environmental performance of the Canadian agricultural system, contribute to the development of new opportunities for agriculture, thereby enhancing food and feed quality, Canadian health and wellness, and economic benefits for the industry, and support bioresource-related regulatory requirements. The Program also developed specific short-term objectives:
a) develop new techniques to conserve and regenerate plant, animal and microbial germplasm to maintain genetic integrity and minimize genetic erosion; b) create new phenotypic and genotypic information including identifying new sources of disease resistance, abiotic stress resistance, nutritional quality and bioactive compounds, through characterization and evaluation of bioresource attributes; c) assess genetic diversity changes in domesticated plant and animal germplasm; d) improve the structure of the GRIN-CA database for delivery of bioinformation; and e) contribute to access and benefit sharing regimens (acquire, donate, maintain, regenerate germplasm) consistent with Canada's commitments to international treaties, e.g. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the FAO International Treaty on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITGRFA).
Plant Gene Resources of Canada has applied various molecular techniques to help meet some of the above objectives, namely those associated with characterization and diversity changes of plant germplasm. Examples from diverse crop and wild species will illustrate the advances made in use of techniques and also some of the limitations experienced.
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WS1 Applying Modern Genomic Tools to the Management and Characterization of Plant Genetic Resources
1 - Plant Gene Resources of Canada - Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Saskatoon Research Centre, 107 Science Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 0X2, Canada
Presentation Type: Workshop
Location: Blair CD/Gage
Date: Sunday, July 27th, 2008
Time: 11:00 AM