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Abstract Detail


Economic Botany: Ethnobotany

Hossan, Md. Shahadat [1], Hanif, Abu [1], Jahan, Rownak [2], Rahmatullah, Mohammed [3].

Medicinal plants used by the Chakmas, Bangladesh for gastrointestinal disorders.

The Chakmas form the largest ethnic minority group inhabiting the Chittagong Hill Tracts forest region of Bangladesh. They have their own traditional medicinal practitioners and have a long tradition of using plants to cure diseases. Gastrointestinal disorders like diarrhea and dysentery are prevalent amongst the Chakmas. We undertook an ethnobotanical survey of the Chakma tribe to identify plants used for treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. The objective of this study was to create a database of medicinal plants, which could be further analyzed for identification of novel compounds. This in turn, can lead to newer formulations for cure of endemic diseases like diarrhea and dysentery, which affects a large number of people, particularly in the under-developed countries. A total of 17 plant species were identified as to their being used by the Chakmas. The scientific names are listed below along with the disease (in parentheses) for which they are used. The plants are Crinum asiaticum (dysentery, indigestion), Cassia alata (constipation), Alstonia scholaris (gastric ulcer), Pterospermum semisaggittatum (blood dysentery), Clerodendrum viscosum (gastric ulcer, stomach pain), Ananas comosus (stomach pain), Hodgsonia macrocarpa (constipation in children), Zizyphus oenoplia (dysentery), Heterophragma adenophyllum (constipation), Holarrhena pubescens (diarrhea), Terminalia arjuna (diarrhea, dysentery), Vernonia patula (constipation), Lawsonia inermis (chronic dysentery), Lannea coromendelica (blood dysentery), Ipomoea fistulosa (constipation), Mikania cordata (diarrhea) and Mangifera longipes (blood dysentery). The various plant parts used, mode of preparation of medicine and dosages will be presented.


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1 - University of Development Alternative, Pharmacy, House 78, Road 11A, Dhanmondi R/A, Dhaka, Dhaka, 1205, Bangladesh
2 - University of Development Alternative, Molecular Medicine and Bioinformatics, House 78, Road 11A, Dhanmondi R/A, Dhaka, Dhaka, 1205, Bangladesh
3 - University of Development Alternative, Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, House 78, Road 11A, Dhanmondi R/A, Dhaka - 1205, Dhaka, 1205, Bangladesh

Keywords:
Chakmas
Bangladesh
gastrointestinal disorders
ethnobotany
diarrhea.

Presentation Type: Poster:Posters for Topics
Session: P
Location: Ball Room & Party Room/SUB
Date: Monday, July 28th, 2008
Time: 12:30 PM
Number: PET002
Abstract ID:62


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