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Abstract Detail


Economic Botany: Ethnobotany

Hanif, Abu [1], Hossan, Md. Shahadat [1], Jahan, Rownak [2], Rahmatullah, Mohammed [3].

A survey of medicinal plants used by the Marma tribe of Bangladesh against respiratory tract and associated disorders.

The Marmas are the second largest tribal group inhabiting the south-eastern hilly forest regions of Bangladesh. For cure of diseases, they rely on their own tribal medicinal practitioners, who combine within one person the medicinal plant expert, the exorcist, and the conductor of religious ceremonies. The forest region, which the Marmas inhabit is rich in diverse floral species and can form an important source of discovery of novel bioactive plant secondary metabolites. The objective of the present study was to conduct an ethnobotanical survey among the Marmas to identify medicinal plant species, which they use to treat respiratory and associated disorders like cold, coughs, pneumonia, tonsillitis, and fever arising from respiratory tract infections. A total of 19 plant species belonging to 15 families were identified as to their being used by the Marmas to treat respiratory tract and associated disorders. The plants (with diseases treated given in parenthesis) are Dracaena spicata (long-term fever, coughs and mucus in nose), Achyranthes aspera (respiratory problems), Alstonia scholaris (fever), Tabernaemontana pandacaqui (breathing problems), Ananas comosus (pneumonia, asthma, respiratory problems), Coccinia grandis (respiratory problems, lung disorders), Hodgsonia macrocarpa (fever), Codiaeum variegatum (fever, coughs, cold), Bambusa bambos druce (cough), Leucas aspera (coughs), Acacia farnesiana (fever in children), Cassia fistula (fever), Lygodium flexuosum (fever and convulsions), Stephania japonica (coughs, throat pain), Ardesia sp. (tonsillitis, throat pains), Citrus limonium (fever), and Scoparia dulcis (respiratory problems in children). Two other plants were also collected, which the Marmas use to treat respiratory problems but they remain unidentified as the Bangladesh National Herbarium possesses no record of them.


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1 - University of Development Alternative, Pharmacy, House 78, Road 11A, Dhanmondi R/A, Dhaka, Dhaka, 1205, Bangladesh
2 - University of Development Alternative, Molecular Medicine and Bioinformatics, House 78, Road 11A, Dhanmondi R/A, Dhaka, Dhaka, 1205, Bangladesh
3 - University of Development Alternative, Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, House 78, Road 11A, Dhanmondi R/A, Dhaka - 1205, Dhaka, 1205, Bangladesh

Keywords:
ethnobotanical survey
Marmas
Bangladesh
respiratory tract disorder.

Presentation Type: Poster:Posters for Topics
Session: P
Location: Ball Room & Party Room/SUB
Date: Monday, July 28th, 2008
Time: 12:30 PM
Number: PET003
Abstract ID:69


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