Unable to connect to database - 14:23:21 Unable to connect to database - 14:23:21 SQL Statement is null or not a SELECT - 14:23:21 SQL Statement is null or not a DELETE - 14:23:21 Botany 2008 - Abstract Search
Unable to connect to database - 14:23:21 Unable to connect to database - 14:23:21 SQL Statement is null or not a SELECT - 14:23:21

Abstract Detail


Systematics/Phytogeography / Taxonomie/ Section

Simmons, Mark P. [1], Cappa, Jennifer J. [2], Archer, Robert H. [3], Ford, Andrew J. [4], Eichstedt, Dedra [2], Clevinger, Curtis C. [5].

Phylogeny of the Celastreae (Celastraceae) and the relationships of Catha edulis (qat) inferred from morphological characters and nuclear and plastid genes.

The phylogeny of Celastraceae tribe Celastreae, which includes about 350 species of trees and shrubs in 15 genera, was inferred in a simultaneous analysis of morphological characters together with nuclear (ITS and 26S rDNA) and plastid (matK, trnL-F) genes. A strong correlation was found between the geography of the species sampled and their inferred relationships. Species of Maytenus and Gymnosporia from different regions were resolved as polyphyletic groups. Maytenus was resolved in three lineages (New World, African, and Austral-Pacific), while Gymnosporia was resolved in two lineages (New World and Old World). Putterlickia was resolved as nested within the Old World Gymnosporia. Catha edulis (qat, khat) was resolved as sister to the clade of Allocassine, Cassine, Lauridia, and Maurocenia. Gymnosporia cassinoides, which is reportedly chewed as a stimulant in the Canary Islands, was resolved as a derived member of Gymnosporia and is more closely related to Lydenburgia and Putterlickia than it is to Catha. Therefore, all eight of these genera are candidates for containing cathinone- and/or cathine-related alkaloids.


Log in to add this item to your schedule

1 - Colorado State University, Department of Biology, Fort Collins, Colorado, 80523-1878, USA
2 - Colorado State University, Department of Biology, Fort Collins, CO, 80523-1878, U.S.A.
3 - National Botanical Institute, National Herbarium, Private Bag X101, Pretoria, 0001, Republic of South Africa
4 - Csiro, Sustainable Ecosystems, Tropical Forest Research Centre, PO Box 780, Atherton, Queensland, 4883, Australia
5 - Kent State University, Department of Biological Sciences, Kent, Ohio, 44242, U.S.A.

Keywords:
Celastraceae
Celastrales
Catha edulis
Maytenus
Gymnosporia
alkaloids
cathinone.

Presentation Type: Oral Paper:Papers for Sections
Session: 46
Location: 169/Law
Date: Tuesday, July 29th, 2008
Time: 1:00 PM
Number: 46001
Abstract ID:9


Copyright 2000-2008, Botanical Society of America. All rights